Hopi Indian Villages

The Hopi population on Hopi land is just under 10,000, occupying 2,439 sq. miles, according to the 1990 U.S. Census. There are approximately 7,000 more Hopi people living elsewhere around the world. The Hopi have 12 villages located in three regions: First Mesa, Second Mesa and Third Mesa. While language, customs and traditions are similar, each village conducts its own ceremonies and has features that are unique from others.

Hopi are a matrilineal society organized by clanships. Clan membership establishes a person’s station and responsibility to the Hopi society. Clan relationships are more significant than blood relationships to the Hopi. As with blood relations, there are certain restricted interrelationships among the clans.

First Mesa consolidates the towns of Walpi, Sichomovi and Tewa. Walpi, the oldest and most historic has been continuously inhabited for more than 1100 years dating back to 900 A.D. Walpi stands above the valley at 300 feet, surrounded by awesome vistas of the sky and distant horizons.

After the revolt against the Spanish in 1680, the two other villages were established on First Mesa. The people of Walpi settled Sichomovi village. Hano was originally settled by a group known as the Hano people, who abandoned the site, which was resettled by the Tewa who came from New Mexico.

Unlike the other villages, Walpi to this day does not have running water or electricity. Residents must walk to Sichomovi to wash and get water.

Today, the three villages are governed by the traditional form of governance, which the Kikmongwi sits as head. Assisting the Kikmongwi are traditional leaders of various religious societies.

Second Mesa includes the three villages of Shungopavi, Mishongovi and Sipaulovi. Over a thousand years ago, Hopi clans began to arrive at this location. According to Hopi tradition, Shungopavi is one of the first Hopi villages established on Second Mesa.

Shungopovi and Mishongovi villages were originally located below the mesa edges close to their springs. After their involvement in the Pueblo Revolt, the villages moved to a more defensive location on the mesa tops.

Third Mesa is home to the villages of Kykotsmovi, Old Oraibi, Hotevilla and Bacavi. Forty-five miles to the west near Tuba City, is the Hopi village of Moenkopi.

Old Oraibi dates back to 1150 and is probably the oldest continuously inhabited community in the United States. In 1900, it was ranked as one of the largest Hopi settlements, but dissension between two chiefs caused many to leave. Kykotsmovi and Hotevilla were founded in 1906 after the split from Old Oraibi. Bacavi is the newest of all the villages and was settled in 1909 after tensions became unbearable for a Hopi loyalist who left Old Oraibi to settle at a new site.

The Upper Village of Moenkopi is located at the western gateway to Hopi adjacent to the Navajo community of Tuba City. Chief Tuuvi of Oraibi founded Moenkopi in the 1870′s as a summer farming area, irrigated from nearby springs. Moenkopi is divided into two sections, Upper Moenkopi and Lower Moenkopi.

The Villages of the Hopi are all living villages and ask that out of respect to their culture and privacy visitors do not photograph, video tape, explore in non-designated areas, pick up loose feathers, or use alcohol, drugs, and firearms. Some social ceremonies are open to the public. When visitors enjoy these ceremonies it is asked that they wear appropriate dress and do not discuss the ceremony.

Three Outstanding Floating Villages in Siem Reap

Kampung Phluk – a privileged world

While traveling to Angkor Wat, holidaymakers can’t overlook Kampung Phluk for its incomparable on-water world. Kampung Phluk is practically situated at the border of the Tonle Sap Lake and entirely rounded by mangrove forests, where annually the waterline ascends and descends devolving on the time of year.

Tourists will utterly be overawed as it hits the site of ordered mansions built upon bamboo piles, seated 10 meters preceding the water. The ambiance is soaked up in an assortment of distinctive salty flavor, adding up from fish, crocodile and piggeries nearby. The village has all the ethnical and cultural places for its occupants – a temple, a stupa to retain the ashes of the bygone, a monastery, and schools. There is no western infirmary, and the residents still choose their conventional medicine for insignificant sicknesses.

On the wet season, the lake spills over and outpourings the region surrounding it. That is the intense cause of why local mansions adopt the exceptional construction. The Cambodian villagers conform to the annual alteration by adapting the elevation of their houses hinging upon the waterline.

On the dry season, the waterline declines so drastically that visitor can actually move on ground. The villagers frequently make use of the accessible solid space to dry their shrimp. After the shrimp are preserved, they’re flavored and subsequently boxed to be traded.

When the gravy holder tardily proceeds far into the village, visitors will discover the amicable Cambodian on-water living. The denizens are meddling washing togs, dealing, stripping freshly caught fish, whilst few are unwinding in the house secured from the blistering sunlight. Ultimately, after dropping once in the village, don’t depart Kampung Phluk without having a look at the eminent Tonle Sap Lake, which is just a couple of minutes boat ride off.

Kampong Khleang – a fresh river shore

Kampong Khleang is placed along the northern lake-edge approximately 55 km east of Siem Reap town, less accessible and fewer holidaymaker than Kampong Pluk. Visitors to Kampong Khleang during the dry season are universally overawed by the woodland of artificial houses rearing to 10 meters in the air. In wet season the waters address one or two meters of the constructions. Like Kompong Pluk, Kompong Khleang is an ageless residential area inside the floodplain of the Lake, with an economic system supported by angling and enclosed by flooded forest. Only Kompong Khleang is importantly broader with almost 10 times the population of Kompong Pluk, pulling round the biggest community along the Lake.

The region can be got through by charter boat from the Chong Khneas pier needs around 2 and an one-half hours or by a compounding of road to Domdek on Route 6 needs one and a 30 minutes arrive at the pier then come across a waterman ride another one hour to the village, the finest way devolving on the season. During the dry season, boats can’t get all of the way to the intense villages.

Chong Kneas – A well-constructed drifting settlement

Chong Kneas is a drifting settlement at the border of the Tonle Sap Lake that’s more touristy than Kampung Phluk and Kampong Khleang. It’s among the outstanding attractions in Siem Reap, approximately 20 – 30 minutes from the province’s heart. The path to this village is ran along with magnetic paddies, stilted houses and the Phnom Krom hill – which has an ancient temple at the top. As getting into the village, the initiative matter that strikes visitors will be quarrels of tourist boats tailed.

There’s a seemingly-most notable Cambodian school in that village. That pupils get to school by boat brings in humorous scenery. The school even owns a divided drifting hoops courtyard and emphatically, visitors can’t conceive of how it was capable of being constructed. The cautionary rails along the slopes of the courtyard restrain the ball and participants inwardly.

Also, don’t drop out on the catfish farm – plausibly the ‘spotlight’ of the Chong Kneas visit. Visitors hold the opportunity to fertilize them. There’s also a crocodile farm with around ten crocodile right adjacent to the fish farm. A tremendous eyeshot of the Tonle Sap Lake and the drifting settlement can be caught from the second or third floor of the farm.

Pets – How They Are Taken Care of in South Indian Villages?

Thinking of Pets – they are not just animals. We can come across innumerable true stories of Pets being brought up in the family in the western countries. They become members of the family; and there is no dearth of stories of dogs being named as heirs, after the death of their wealthy owners there. The intimacy between pets and their owners is beyond description. No wonder, you can come across hundreds of thousands of sites on the Net dedicated exclusively for Pet care; dog foods; clinics; clubs; pedigree this and that.

Although people keep assorted varieties of pets – from snakes, birds, and even crocodiles – dogs to a large extent, followed by cats, are most prominent in the Pets list. It may look funny – people while searching for rental residences, take specific attention to see, whether their respective pet will be allowed with them; if not they forsake even very good offers of comfortable residences and look elsewhere.

Similarly, niches of websites that give suggestions, tips and ideas towards pets brought up at home are immensely popular; so also the industry doing business in food items for pets is minting millions every year – all because of the attachment prevalent between these animals (some may frown by calling them animals!) and their owners.

Broadly one can surmise how pets are so popular and greater in numbers in the western countries, owing to their affordability – the economic condition that is. In countries like India, where millions of families are still suffering from difficulty to make both ends meet, particularly in the villages, this trend of vast number of pets is absent.

It does not mean they do not love pets; the bond existing between home animals and human beings are one and the same everywhere; only thing is affordability, which prohibits them from adding up the size of the family through pets. However, pets are grown in many families in the villages – for example dogs rather than cats – for serving an additional purpose of safety, from intruders and other wild animals during nights, to harm the house or cattle.

Village people are not that educated, to follow all the care and caution in bringing up pets, like their counterparts in cities and other countries. There is no Dog-care Clinic existing in villages either. Yet if you visit villages in South India, you will be amazed to see dogs in homes are so fondly loved as one of the family members; they eat whatever the family eats – no specialized or highly priced dog-foods, as in the case of westerners.

Rice being the core food for South Indians – village pet-dogs eat anything made of rice and of course the bones and meat thrown as residues, after satisfying the appetite of family as a whole. There may not be special kernels exclusively for them; and they can lie down outside the house and be vigilant during nights. No special bathing; combing; trimming done for them and they live with nature, as their owners in villages do.

Yet – invariably these dogs get an individual name – similar to the kids of the family; they come running wherever they are from, once they are called by their names. And they are in no way inferior to the show of affection, friendship and gratitude, any pedigree dog will do towards their owners.